• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Aysha Gilmore

News & Views

Investors at odds over Shell’s climate policy

Ahead of Shell’s AGM next week, investors are at odds over voting for a climate resolution filed against UK oil and gas supermajor Shell as one of its biggest shareholders has come out to back the board

News & Views

Money talks: investors turn their focus to fossil fuel funders

With the AGM season drawing to a close, Net Zero Investor assesses how investors have switched their engagement focus from oil firms to banks

News & Views

EV: should investors be worried about the current slowdown?

For the second instalment of the climate solutions series, Net Zero Investor examines whether the current slowdown in the electric vehicle (EV) industry has caused investors to turn their heads towards other opportunities

News & Views

Shareholders back off BP to ramp up pressure on Shell and Exxon

Shareholders have overwhelmingly supported BP’s board despite the oil and gas supermajor backtracking on its climate targets, focussing their pressure on Shell and Exxon instead

News & Views

CDPQ: ’ It is essential not to contribute to increased oil and coal production’

CDPQ's Marc André Blanchard makes the case against investing in new oil and coal projects

News & Views

Danish pension fund divests from oil and gas firms expanding in production

At Danish pension fund P+'s AGM this week members overwhelmingly backed a resolution to tighten the investors fossil fuel policy

News & Views

Norwegian investors ramp up voting engagement with oil and gas supermajors

Last AGM season Norwegian investors supported nearly all climate activist resolutions at oil and gas supermajors but will this behaviour continue in 2024?

News & Views

Investors put pressure on Woodside Energy over climate concerns

ACCR and $81bn HESTA have put pressure on Woodside Energy ahead of its 2024 AGM but will $316bn AustralianSuper, a major shareholder, do the same?

News & Views

CalSTRS’Jenkinson on political headwinds and investing in hybrid climate solutions

Sitting down with Aysha Gilmore, Kirsty Jenkinson talks about the significant role private markets will play in transitioning the $334.8bn CalSTRS pension fund to net zero

News & Views

Green hydrogen: the ‘champagne’ of the energy transition?

As part of Net Zero Investor’s first instalment in a climate solutions series, Aysha Gilmore takes a deeper look at the case for investing in hydrogen

News & Views

Investors split over ‘necessity’ of FMLC paper on fiduciary duty and climate risk

At the UKSIF’s Ownership Day in London, investors debated over whether the FMLC’s recent paper on fiduciary duty and climate risks is ‘beating the right players over the head’.

News & Views

Are UK investors turning their backs on private markets?

During the PLSA conference in Edinburgh, pension funds were split about the benefits of investing in private markets, with lack of transparency on carbon footprints being one concern

News & Views

‘Don’t get lost in the noise’ of short-term geopolitical risks, investors at the PLSA warn

Investors at the UK's annual PLSA Investment Conference warn that elections and geopolitics could distract investors from long-term climate risks

News & Views

James Monk: FutureWise is creating a ‘different philosophy’ for decarbonisation

In conversation with Net Zero Investor, Fidelity's James Monk highlights how FutureWise is decarbonising through a carbon budget

News & Views

Oregon pension fund to review fossil fuel investments

The Oregon state pension fund has launched its net zero strategy and committed to reaching net zero by 2050

News & Views

NBIM ramps up net zero divestment and engagement

The $1.4trn manager of Norway’s sovereign wealth fund has released its responsible investment 2023 report, highlighting an increased focus on achieving its net zero commitments.

News & Views

Net zero reporting: ‘inaction’ not an excuse for data inconsistency in private markets

Data disclosure in private markets can prove challenging for asset owners. Aysha Gilmore takes a look at how investors are pushing for greater transparency

News & Views

Climate modelling ‘not fit for purpose’

At Net Zero Investor’s DC Forum investors discussed why they lack faith in current climate modelling and the way forward

News & Views

Smart Pension’s James Lawrence on DC investment in climate solutions

Ahead of Net Zero Investor’s DC forum this week, James Lawrence from Smart Pension gives an insight on the master trust’s climate transition plans for 2024

News & Views

Investors worth $25trn push back on ‘laggard’ mining companies

A coalition of investors are set to engage with 100+ mining companies to adopt global tailings standards.

News & Views

Investors are ‘flying blind’ to climate lawsuit risks

Research revealed that investors are not taking climate-litigation risks into account, which could cause significant financial risks

News & Views

CalPERS’ CEO pushes back on fossil fuel divestment calls

Marcie Frost highlights that CalPERS would be abandoning its fiduciary duty if it were to dispose of its fossil fuel holdings

News & Views

NZI Annual Conference: engagement with BP and Shell is ‘a lost cause’

At Net Zero Investor’s second Annual Conference at the London Stock Exchange asset owners debated about the best ways to successfully engage with hard-to-abate sectors.

News & Views

Oil and gas: to divest or not to divest?

As some oil and gas companies have backtracked on their net zero commitments in the past year is now the time to divest?

News & Views

Trustees call for a re-definition of fiduciary duty to drive net zero transition

At the Pensions and Lifetime Savings Associations’ ESG conference in London, trustees and campaigners warn that fiduciary duty is hindering pension funds’ ability to allocate capital towards climate solutions.

News & Views

COP28: how are gulf sovereign wealth funds investing in the energy transition?

As COP28 is set to kick off later this week in Dubai, Net Zero Investor takes a closer look at how sovereign wealth funds in the region are transitioning towards net zero

News & Views

LGPS investors look to natural capital to drive their net zero transition

UK local authority asset owners are showing increased interest in natural capital to help decarbonise and diversify their portfolios

News & Views

Funding the wood for the trees: UK investors turn to timberland to decarbonise their portfolios

Aysha Gilmore explores how UK asset owners are investing in carbon offsets such as timberland to help them transition to net zero

News & Views

Peter Rasmussen: asset manager action on net zero has been ‘disappointing’

In an interview with Net Zero Investor, the head of sustainability at $18bn Lægernes Pension argues that asset managers should do the “heavy lifting” on climate stewardship

News & Views

PLSA: Pension funds raise caution on renewables outlook

Pension funds explain that they are not expecting to commit further to renewables due to their funding position and various government initiatives

News & Views

LGPS Central launches new net zero strategy to ‘decarbonise real economy’

Patrick O'Hara and Edward Baker from LGPS Central talk to Net Zero Investor about the pensions pools newly launched net zero strategy.

News & Views

Bishop Graham: ‘levering change’ through the Church of England’s investments

In an interview with Net Zero Investor, Bishop Graham outlines what is next for the Church of England’s net zero journey.

News & Views

Staffan Hansén: aligning AP3’s portfolio to net zero

AP3’s CEO explains how the Swedish pension fund is tackling the challenge of decarbonising its portfolio

News & Views

Viñes Fiestas: ‘the anti-ESG backlash has not impacted climate-related investments’

The chair of the EU Platform on Sustainable Finance argues that the ESG pushback in the US has not impacted green investment.

News & Views

UK asset owners crank up pressure on managers not following their AGM voting priorities

On the launch of Scottish Widows' 2022 Stewardship Report, the UK pension fund warns that it will take 'tougher action' on investment managers not following its sustainability voting priorities.

News & Views

Aviva’s warning to MPs: London’s global warming much higher than Paris goals

Speaking to MPs today, the chief responsible investment officer at Aviva Investors urged caution around greenhouse emissions targets

News & Views

Günther Thallinger: blended finance will ‘accelerate’ a just energy transition

The chair of the Net-Zero Asset Owner Alliance has suggested that blended finance will help unlock institutional investment into emerging economies

News & Views

30 investors urge European banks to stop financing fossil fuels

Investors worth over $1.5trn have called on European banks, including Barclays and BNP Paribas, to stop financing new oil and gas fields amid the race to net zero.

News & Views

Norway’s wealth fund ‘has no exposure left’ in Adani Group

Norges Bank Investment Management’s head of ESG risk monitoring confirmed that the fund has fully divested from the Indian conglomerate due to climate risks.

News & Views

$5trn investor coalition launches sovereign debt framework

A collaboration of asset owners and managers has proposed a new framework to help investors assess the climate risks and opportunities in individual countries.

News & Views

Investor coalition ‘disallows’ use of carbon removals in net-zero protocol

The UN-convened Net-Zero Asset Owner Alliance has published the third edition of its Target Setting Protocol, which reflects the latest science to deliver net zero without carbon removal schemes.

News & Views

CSDDD: ‘a critical opportunity to accelerate the net-zero transition’

With the EU’s Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive making legislative progress, investment professionals explore how it will help speed up the net-zero transition.

News & Views

Record number of investors targeting corporate climate change disclosures

The Carbon Disclosure Project’s 2022 Non-Disclosure Campaign has reported that more investors are targeting companies to disclose on key environmental issues such as water security and forestry.

News & Views

NZIA launches Target-Setting Protocol to ‘decarbonise real economy’

The Net-Zero Insurance Alliance launched the protocol at the World Economic Forum in Davos to help accelerate the transition to a net-zero economy.

News & Views

Birol: ‘new industrial age’ in clean energy technology

The IEA’s executive director predicts substantial growth in clean energy manufacturing, offering ‘big dividends’ for countries with the right clean energy strategies.

News & Views

OMFIF: public pension funds at forefront of net-zero transition

The Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum’s 2022 Global Public Pensions report reveals that most funds have accelerated their drive towards sustainable finance.

News & Views

Corah: investors are ‘not winning on climate change’

Panellists at Net Zero Investor’s Annual Conference discussed whether ESG investing is achieving real-world impact on climate change.

News & Views

Thwing Eastman: ‘reports of ESG’s death greatly exaggerated’

Environmental, social and governance issues still relevant to investors despite recent ‘anti-ESG’ backlash, MSCI’s editorial director asserts.

News & Views

Birol: 1.5 degrees target ‘is not dead’

The International Energy Agency’s executive director stresses at the UN PRI conference that the Paris Agreement is not impossible to achieve.

News & Views

COP27: MDBs welcome call to scale up climate funding

Multilateral Development Banks react to the final COP27 text, which called on them to scale up climate financing and reform their “practices and priorities”.

News & Views

Investor reflections on ‘subdued’ COP27

Investors have welcomed progress on energy security and biodiversity at COP27, despite the subdued mood among participants.

News & Views

Sustainability chief: ‘Vladimir Putin not a long-term value driver’

Three leading sustainability figures suggest that the US anti-ESG movement is not based on long-term investment decisions, as the ‘energy sector has only overperformed recently due to the war in Ukraine’.

News & Views

LGPS CIOs: climate change is the ‘biggest systemic risk’ to investors

In view of COP27, four CIOs at LGPS pools discuss the challenges and risks they face when addressing the ‘most important global megatrend’, which is climate change.

News & Views

COP27 snapshots: NZAM has $21.8trn committed to achieve net zero 2050

Highlights from COP27’s finance day: GFANZ alliances publish targets and members still funding firms connected to deforestation.

News & Views

Bonham Carter: engagement is a ‘journey’ to net zero

Jupiter’s director of stewardship and corporate responsibility details the asset manager’s approach to engaging with companies to deliver net zero by 2050.

News & Views

MSCI climate indices will ‘drive change in the real economy’

MSCI has launched a suite of Climate Action Indexes for investors seeking exposure to companies actively supporting a net-zero economy.

News & Views

AIIB: a ‘moonshot’ mission to net zero

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank’s chief economist and lead economist reflect on a once-in-a-generation opportunity for emerging economies to achieve a smooth and fair transition.

News & Views

Pension funds take Volkswagen to court over climate lobbying

The action in the German courts could have implications for other civil law systems in Europe.

News & Views

Webb: relaxing DC charge cap ‘wrong way to encourage green investment’

The former pensions minister has instead called for the UK government to provide seed funding to encourage investment in green infrastructure and renewables.

News & Views

PLSA22: greenwashing fears rising in investment community

Fund managers struggling to decipher ESG regulations, annual conference of UK’s Pensions and Lifetime Savings Association told.

News & Views

Rachel Elwell: engagement and collaboration ‘key to emission reductions’

CEO of Border to Coast Pensions Partnership tells Net Zero Investor that engagement and collaboration are vital in meeting net-zero targets.

News & Views

Keller: over 90% of ESG indices ‘not aligned to EU taxonomy’

ESG framework ‘not fit for purpose’, Lombard Odier managing partner tells World Forum.

News & Views

Investors call on UK government to uphold net-zero ambition

New UK prime minister is under pressure to maintain focus on net zero and climate policy.

News & Views

‘Dramatic increase’ in stress testing predicted

Survey suggests that climate risk is a significant factor in driving the surge in spending on pension fund stress testing and scenario modelling.

News & Views

UK proposes extending TCFD reporting to local government pension funds

The advisory board for the Local Government Pension Scheme warned that requirements would be ‘challenging’.

News & Views

Losses from fossil fuel stranded assets ‘could reach $30.6tn’

MIT research shows the estimated asset loss for investors under four net-zero scenarios depending on the global climate policy adopted.

News & Views

UK government’s Net Zero Strategy ruled unlawful

The high court has ruled that the government’s Net Zero Strategy is unlawful and will have to be revised to show how targets to reduce emissions will be met.