• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Stephanie Baxter

News & Views

Will Texas divestment law derail net-zero efforts?

Big oil state's divestment law targets ESG

News & Views

US and China battle for clean energy tech will feed economic rivalry

Clean energy is fast becoming a key part of the on-going economic rivalry between the US and China as both superpowers attempt to become leaders in this sector.

News & Views

Energy giants face liabilities from human rights violations linked to climate change

A landmark report in the Philippines draws specific links between corporate accountability, climate change and human rights violations. This serves as a warning for fossil fuel companies and investors.

icon roundtable

Elizabeth Fernando: Small steps and investor collaboration will help deliver net-zero targets

Nest deputy CIO Elizabeth Fernando talks to Stephanie Baxter. The National Employment Savings Trust (Nest), the largest UK pension scheme with 9 million savers, was one of the country’s first private sector pension funds to commit to a net-zero greenhouse gas emissions target.

News & Views

Warning over forest fires’ contribution to carbon emissions

Some forest fires are contributing more to emissions than burning fossils fuels, writes Stephanie Baxter.

News & Views

More mining needed for EVs to reach net-zero targets

Increased capex for mining is essential for the world to meet net-zero targets and build more EVs – but the industry will need to decarbonise its own

News & Views

US regulator’s proposed climate disclosure rule is ‘watershed moment’

The SEC’s climate-related disclosure rule will bring the US in line with global standards, but heavy lobbying against the proposals could cause delays

News & Views

Determining China’s net-zero reality

Poor transparency levels can make meaningful investment insights into China hard to gauge

News & Views

Risks and challenges of India’s 2070 net-zero target

India is clearly focused on becoming a net-zero economy, but it has a long journey ahead, writes Stephanie Baxter

News & Views

Charitable trusts ruling is significant for net-zero investments

Landmark judgment means charities can consider environment as well as profit on investments, writes Stephanie Baxter