• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

ESG

News & Views

NBIM ramps up net zero divestment and engagement

The $1.4trn manager of Norway’s sovereign wealth fund has released its responsible investment 2023 report, highlighting an increased focus on achieving its net zero commitments.

News & Views

Net zero reporting: ‘inaction’ not an excuse for data inconsistency in private markets

Data disclosure in private markets can prove challenging for asset owners. Aysha Gilmore takes a look at how investors are pushing for greater transparency

News & Views

Climate modelling ‘not fit for purpose’

At Net Zero Investor’s DC Forum investors discussed why they lack faith in current climate modelling and the way forward

News & Views

Is this the golden age of Climate AI?

Venture-capital-backed start-ups are employing AI to solve grid issues, ESG data and analytics, and a host of other climate-related bottlenecks

News & Views

Smart Pension’s James Lawrence on DC investment in climate solutions

Ahead of Net Zero Investor’s DC forum this week, James Lawrence from Smart Pension gives an insight on the master trust’s climate transition plans for 2024

News & Views

Should climate investors worry about the European elections?

A rightward drift in the upcoming European elections is unlikely to have a major impact on EU climate policy

Briefs
Briefs
News & Views

Trustees call for a re-definition of fiduciary duty to drive net zero transition

At the Pensions and Lifetime Savings Associations’ ESG conference in London, trustees and campaigners warn that fiduciary duty is hindering pension funds’ ability to allocate capital towards climate solutions.

News & Views

COP28: how are gulf sovereign wealth funds investing in the energy transition?

As COP28 is set to kick off later this week in Dubai, Net Zero Investor takes a closer look at how sovereign wealth funds in the region are transitioning towards net zero

News & Views

Tony Juniper: “The human economy is a wholly owned subsidiary of nature”

Net Zero Investor sat down with Tony Juniper, chair of Natural England to discuss the long-term case for nature positive investments

News & Views

Funding the wood for the trees: UK investors turn to timberland to decarbonise their portfolios

Aysha Gilmore explores how UK asset owners are investing in carbon offsets such as timberland to help them transition to net zero

News & Views

How to manage deforestation risk

Deforestation is not only terrible for climate and biodiversity, but also poses financial risk to investors

News & Views

PPF’s Claire Curtin: ‘Engagement is our main climate risk management tool’

PPF's head of ESG & sustainability explains the fund's approach to engaging with portfolio companies, external fund managers and policymakers

Briefs

Martin-Ortega: ‘without a just transition there will be no fast transition’

In an interview with Net Zero Investor, Olga Martin-Ortega outlines how pension funds should ensure a just transition