• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Defined Contribution

News & Views

Are UK investors turning their backs on private markets?

During the PLSA conference in Edinburgh, pension funds were split about the benefits of investing in private markets, with lack of transparency on carbon footprints being one concern

News & Views

‘Don’t get lost in the noise’ of short-term geopolitical risks, investors at the PLSA warn

Investors at the UK's annual PLSA Investment Conference warn that elections and geopolitics could distract investors from long-term climate risks

News & Views

Are Australian super funds aligned with Canberra’s 2030 emissions target?

Australia’s asset owners are looking to ‘super’ charge the country’s transition but some are making more progress than others

News & Views

Climate Action 100+ exits- a crisis of stewardship?

Climate Action 100+ exits and the Exxon case against shareholders raise the question: can asset owners still exercise influence over climate transition planning at oil and gas firms?

News & Views

Why investors should think more seriously about oil prices

Oil companies and their investors are betting big on a delayed transition yet their misalignment with net-zero is a recipe for financial disaster, NGOs and thinktank sources claim

News & Views

Is now the time to reconsider your passive exposure to fossil fuels?

Despite a short-term profit boost, fossil fuel stocks have dragged down global equity indices, as the energy transition picks up pace, their outlook is even gloomier

News & Views

Shareholder victory: Barclays to cease funding new fossil fuel projects

Barclays, one of the five largest banks in Europe has confirmed today that it will no longer fund new oil and gas projects, a move that was welcomed by activist shareholders

News & Views

NZI DC Forum in pictures

Delegates representing some of the UK's largest master trusts took place in the one day event to discuss how defined contribution funds can tackle climate change in their portfolios

News & Views

Climate modelling ‘not fit for purpose’

At Net Zero Investor’s DC Forum investors discussed why they lack faith in current climate modelling and the way forward

News & Views

NZI DC Forum: funding the transition

Net Zero Investor’s second Defined Contribution (DC) Forum drew a broad array of investors to the London Stock Exchange to discuss how DC funds are adapting their portfolios to the energy transition

News & Views

Smart Pension’s James Lawrence on DC investment in climate solutions

Ahead of Net Zero Investor’s DC forum this week, James Lawrence from Smart Pension gives an insight on the master trust’s climate transition plans for 2024

News & Views

How to attract more DC investment in productive finance and the energy transition

Paul Tinslay, a professional trustee at Dalriada examines steps the UK government could take to attract more DC investment in the energy transition