• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Activism

News & Views

Exxon shareholders vote to back the board

Exxon’s shareholders have voted to re-elect all directors, including chairman Darren Woods and lead director Joseph Hooley, despite an investor campaign against their leadership

News & Views

Shell AGM: shareholders back new energy transition strategy

Shareholders have voted to reject a climate resolution put forward at this year’s AGM whilst backing Shell’s energy transition strategy but calls for more transparency on short-term targets dominated the meeting

Briefs
News & Views

Illinois treasurer and Maryland comptroller join opposition to Exxon’s leadership

Ahead of Exxon Mobil’s AGM on 29 May, the state comptrollers for Maryland and the treasurer for Illinois have also joined the pushback against Exxon's leadership

News & Views

Wespath’s Schoeppner: why we are calling for a vote against Exxon’s board

NZI caught up with Lucas Schoeppner, manager Sustainable Investment Stewardship at Wespath to find out why he is calling for a vote against Exxon's leadership

News & Views

Asset owners call out Shell’s LNG expansion plans

Oil giant Shell is putting Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) at the heart of its expansion plans but ahead of its AGM, asset owners warn it is failing to meet Paris targets

News & Views

Shareholders back off BP to ramp up pressure on Shell and Exxon

Shareholders have overwhelmingly supported BP’s board despite the oil and gas supermajor backtracking on its climate targets, focussing their pressure on Shell and Exxon instead

News & Views

Brunel to vote against Exxon’s board

Brunel Pension Partnership has announced that it will vote against all all management resolutions at the forthcoming Exxon AGM in response to the oil firm's legal threats against shareholders

News & Views

No-action requests 2024: the climate resolutions companies don’t want to discuss

2024 saw a surge of corporate no-action requests to prevent resolutions from being heard, Atharva Deshmukh examines how the reasoning behind them has evolved

News & Views

Shell’s lead investor to back climate resolution

MN, Climate Action 100+ lead investor for Shell has confirmed that it will back a climate resolution put forward at this year’s AGM

News & Views

‘CalPERS will not be silenced’ pension fund CEO warns Exxon Mobil

CalPERS CEO Marcie Frost has issued a stark warning to US oil giant Exxon, stressing that shareholders would not be silenced on climate change

News & Views

Rebellion brewing as Exxon targets shareholder dissent with No Action requests

Oil giant Exxon Mobil has successfully filed a No Action Request against a resolution put forward by As You Sow, but shareholders are now calling to vote against the board

News & Views

CalPERS’ Cohen takes lead of Climate Action 100+ governing committee

Michael Cohen, chief operating investment officer of the at $462.8bn US pension fund CalPERS has been appointed as chair of the Steering Committee for the investor coalition Climate Action 100+

Briefs
News & Views

Should climate engagement be focused on oil companies or governments?

Jason Fletcher, former CIO at London CIV argues that while both shareholder and policy engagement have their merits, investors should not discount the potential impact of engaging with companies