• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm


News & Views

Shell’s scope 3 emissions face scrutiny in fractious AGM

Shell's 2023 AGM drew focus on the oil giant's energy transition strategy but shareholders rejected a resolution demanding clearer commitments for Scope 3 emission targets.

News & Views
The panel at the Workiva conference in the City of London

Can investment decisions and net zero strategies live in separate silos?

Net zero heavyweights discussed the flaws in the sector's current approach to risk assessment during a panel discussion in London

News & Views
BP's AGM, last month. Despite a lot of climate noise, many net zero-related motions stand no chance among corporates' shareholders

Stewardship and engagement: the passive funds conundrum

The three biggest shareholders in oil and gas firms are passive fund managers. What does this mean for stewardship on climate change?


Smoke and mirrors: Listed firms fail to meet 1.5C target

"Smoke and mirrors: 83% of listed firms fail to meet 1.5C target

News & Views

Proxy season in full swing: Investors press for net zero action but with limited results

Votes at Chevron and Volkswagen highlight increased director accountability despite most net zero-related motions not making it so far this proxy season

News & Views
shell oil fossil fuel netherlands uk

Shell’s upcoming AGM showcases the challenges for shareholder activism

Activist asset owners are gearing up to oppose the reappointment of Shell’s chair and challenge over shortcomings in the oil giant’s climate targets

CEO Koji Sato

Asset owners challenge Toyota on climate lobbying

A trio of major asset owners has put forward a resolution for Toyota’s upcoming AGM, challenging the car giant on its climate lobbying practices and alignment with the Paris Agreement.

News & Views
Robin Millington of Planet Tracker addresses the audience at Climate Action's Sustainable Investment Forum Europe in Paris yesterday

Investor mood turns sour on biodiversity: ‘it is a scary zone’

Panellists at a conference in Paris expressed their concern about the biodiversity investment space as a host of challenges throw doubt on how fast they can move

News & Views
Follow This founder Mark van Baal, a pioneer 'shareholder activist', confronts Shell's board at the company's AGM in The Hague, 2018

Proxy season with a twist: The rise of the activist shareholder

This year’s proxy season has pushed a new set of actors to the forefront as environmental advocacy groups are making their presence felt at AGMs

oil rig fossil fuels

CA+100 co-lead targets Chevron directors over climate lobbying

Investors in US energy giant Chevron, including Wespath are gearing up to oppose the reappointment of two directors for their failure to comply with climate commitments.

News & Views
Chubbs chairman and CEO Evan Greenberg is facing a lot of criticism for not going far enough

Insurers doubling down on fossil fuels causes a storm ahead of AGMs

In proxy statements, a range of large insurers reject resolutions that urge them to stop underwriting new fossil fuel projects