• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Nature

News & Views

Timberland is increasingly on the radar of natural capital investors

Forestry is currently dominating the natural capital conversation for institutional investors looking at this emerging asset class

News & Views

Most institutional investors still lack deforestation policy

The amount of capital flowing into deforestation dwarves positive investments, despite the key role forests play in tackling climate change

Briefs
Briefs
Briefs
Briefs
News & Views

Milestone for nature as TNFD reveals final recommendations

The Taskforce on Nature-related Financial Disclosures has published its final recommendations on nature-related risk management at the Climate Week in New York

News & Views

Shipra Gupta: ‘we believe in the first-mover advantage of nature investing’

Shipra Gupta, investments stewardship lead at Scottish Widows, argues that investing in nature sooner rather than later makes sound financial sense

Briefs
News & Views

Nature finance: are biodiversity credits moving too fast?

Efforts to scale up nature finance fuel an interest in biodiversity credits, but experts worry that the momentum is unable to digest the complexity

Briefs
News & Views

Mining for Net Zero: Is a green commodities crisis around the corner?

Part II of NZI’s Mining for Net Zero series examines the implications of projected shortages in critical minerals needed for green technologies

News & Views

Mining for Net Zero: why investors need to engage more with miners

Part one of NZI’s Mining for Net Zero series looks at why investor engagement in this critical sector is essential for the overall transition

News & Views

Pricing the unthinkable: Investors struggle to plan for AMOC collapse

The timeline and consequences of passing the collapse of the AMOC, a key climate tipping point, are still too uncertain to enable reliable analysis

News & Views

Investor mood turns sour on biodiversity: ‘it is a scary zone’

Panellists at a conference in Paris expressed their concern about the biodiversity investment space as a host of challenges throw doubt on how fast they can move