• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Sustainability

News & Views

Green hydrogen: the ‘champagne’ of the energy transition?

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NZI Renewable Infrastructure Forum in pictures

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EU fails to adopt CSDDD

EU member states fail to support the CSDDD after nearly two years of negotiations

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AP3’s Fredric Nyström: “Green mineral shortage is one of the most pressing issues of our times”

Net Zero Investor sat down with AP3’s head of sustainability and governance to talk about how asset owners can invest more in responsible mining

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NZI with Mona - Hortense Bioy

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Setting a nature price: how does this work in practice?

If the targets set out in the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework are to be realised, investors could soon face some far reaching policy changes

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EU doubles down on circular economy

Meeting biodiversity and climate goals “won’t be possible” without a transition to a circular economy, the European Commission said, but the bloc still has some way to make investment accessible

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News & Views

Howden CEO: address investors’ concerns to make vulnerable countries insurable

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AP2 CEO Eva Halvarsson: ‘it is strange to talk about impact investing’

Eva Halvarsson, the CEO of $36bn Swedish pension fund AP2, explains how impact investing considerations influence her pension fund's capital allocations

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Shipra Gupta: ‘Pensions one of the most powerful tools to make net zero progress’

Shipra Gupta, responsible investment lead at Scottish Widows, argues there is "a critical need for action" regarding the role of pension funds in driving net zero progress

News & Views

COP 28: Overcoming risk is key to unlocking climate-nature investment

Transforming the way risk is both perceived and managed will boost institutional capital flows into nature positive projects, investors say

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Net Zero Investor Podcast - David Atkins and Tamsin Ballard

As the COP28 climate summit in Dubai is in full swing, Net Zero Investor caught up with two prominent delegates, David Atkins, the chief executive officer of the Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI) and the organisation's chief initiatives officer, Tamsin Ballard, to discuss the key issues and topics that attendees at the conference are talking about this week.