• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Transport

News & Views

Howden CEO: address investors’ concerns to make vulnerable countries insurable

At COP28 in Dubai, David Howden, founder and CEO of global insurer Howden, sat down with NZI to discuss the role of the Loss and Damages Fund in addressing climate risk and insurance challenges for the Global South

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IRA deep dive: opportunities created ‘up and down’ the net-zero value chain

The US's Inflation Reduction Act and other green policies are bolstering clean energy investment, despite strong economic headwinds and the looming political risk of a second Trump administration

News & Views

Green hydrogen: still too niche for institutional investors?

While some asset owners are taking a pioneering first-mover approach, others struggle to find appropriate investment opportunities

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Now boarding: net zero aviation

Is hydrogen-fuelled sustainable aviation ready for patient capital?

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News & Views

Fasten your seatbelts: Aviation’s investment flows may well turn green

Could the aviation sector’s investment structures turn entirely green? The EU firmly believes €820bn in sustainable cashflows are ready for take off

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‘Hostile’ climate could lead to £62bn in lost net zero investments, Energy UK warns

Britain could lose out on a staggering £62 billion in investments if the government does not alter its 'hostile environment' for net zero investment

News & Views

Maersk and Spanish government to ramp up green fuel production

Large-scale production of green fuels could help global shipping industry meet decarbonisation goals.

News & Views

Pension funds take Volkswagen to court over climate lobbying

The action in the German courts could have implications for other civil law systems in Europe.

News & Views

Aviation sector adopts 2050 net-zero goal

The target was agreed at the International Civil Aviation Organization’s 41st Assembly, but ABL Aviation has called for ‘more incentives for green financing and the use of greener fuels’.

Briefs
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Briefs