• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Stewardship

News & Views

US court quashes divestment challenge against New York pension funds

A US court has backed three New York City Pension Funds’ decision to divest from fossil fuels, dismissing a case put forward by conservative members

News & Views

Brunel’s Ravishankar: preventing stewardship strategies from becoming paper tigers

Vaishnavi Ravishankar, head of Stewardship at Brunel Pension Partnership takes stock of this year's AGM season arguing that climate stewardship is at an inflection point where alignment between managers and owners has to become a priority

Briefs
Streaming
Podcast

NZI with Nawar - Successful decarbonisation

NZI head of research Atharva Deshmukh and Kanata Advisors CEO Nawar Alsaadi talk about the main focus points for investors engaging on cooperate decarbonisation strategies

News & Views

Toyota AGM: shareholders reject climate lobbying resolution

Investors remain concerned about the company’s political footprint.

Briefs
Briefs
News & Views

Exxon shareholders vote to back the board

Exxon’s shareholders have voted to re-elect all directors, including chairman Darren Woods and lead director Joseph Hooley, despite an investor campaign against their leadership

News & Views

Asset owners turn to SEC ahead of Exxon AGM

Ahead of Exxon Mobil’s AGM, a group of 39 investors representing more than $5trn in assets have turned to the SEC to voice their concerns about infringements on shareholder rights.

Briefs
News & Views

Shell AGM: shareholders back new energy transition strategy

Shareholders have voted to reject a climate resolution put forward at this year’s AGM whilst backing Shell’s energy transition strategy but calls for more transparency on short-term targets dominated the meeting

Briefs
Briefs
News & Views

Investors at odds over Shell’s climate policy

Ahead of Shell’s AGM next week, investors are at odds over voting for a climate resolution filed against UK oil and gas supermajor Shell as one of its biggest shareholders has come out to back the board

News & Views

Money talks: investors turn their focus to fossil fuel funders

With the AGM season drawing to a close, Net Zero Investor assesses how investors have switched their engagement focus from oil firms to banks