• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Stewardship

Briefs
News & Views

Now:Pensions’ Keith Guthrie on ditching third party managers and new stewardship strategies

UK master trust Now:Pension has ceased relationships with its third party managers over stewardship misalignment. NZI caught up with Keith Guthrie, head of sustainability at Cardano and Now:Pensions to find out more

Briefs
News & Views

Shareholders back off BP to ramp up pressure on Shell and Exxon

Shareholders have overwhelmingly supported BP’s board despite the oil and gas supermajor backtracking on its climate targets, focussing their pressure on Shell and Exxon instead

News & Views

Brunel to vote against Exxon’s board

Brunel Pension Partnership has announced that it will vote against all all management resolutions at the forthcoming Exxon AGM in response to the oil firm's legal threats against shareholders

News & Views

Why universal owners need modest objectives

Tom Gosling, executive fellow at London Business School argues that by aiming for less, asset owners can achieve more as universal owners

News & Views

No-action requests 2024: the climate resolutions companies don’t want to discuss

2024 saw a surge of corporate no-action requests to prevent resolutions from being heard, Atharva Deshmukh examines how the reasoning behind them has evolved

Briefs
News & Views

‘CalPERS will not be silenced’ pension fund CEO warns Exxon Mobil

CalPERS CEO Marcie Frost has issued a stark warning to US oil giant Exxon, stressing that shareholders would not be silenced on climate change

News & Views

Rebellion brewing as Exxon targets shareholder dissent with No Action requests

Oil giant Exxon Mobil has successfully filed a No Action Request against a resolution put forward by As You Sow, but shareholders are now calling to vote against the board

Briefs
News & Views

CalPERS’ Cohen takes lead of Climate Action 100+ governing committee

Michael Cohen, chief operating investment officer of the at $462.8bn US pension fund CalPERS has been appointed as chair of the Steering Committee for the investor coalition Climate Action 100+

News & Views

How bond markets can battle nature loss

Josephine Richardson, head of Research at the Anthropocene Fixed Income Institute examines how investors can steer nature positive outcomes in their bond holdings

Briefs
News & Views

How are the Granola stocks scoring on climate?

European stock market growth has been dominated by a handful of companies dubbed the “Granolas”, how are they scoring on net zero?