• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Tom Higgins

News & Views

PAAO progress report highlights value of commitment over quick fixes

Prolonged engagement activities must run parallel to decisive action, inaugural progress report from asset owner body urges.

News & Views

Steering the future of ESG data coherence

Making sense of the data on net zero is crucial to achieving long-term goals, but investors have to overcome the challenge of how to create uniformity and accessibility.

News & Views

Incentivise investment with robust carbon trading regulation, IIGCC says

Talks are ongoing on how best to implement the EU’s tandem Emissions Trading System and Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism.

News & Views

Factoring in the net-zero consumer

HSBC’s rebuke by the UK’s advertising regulator highlights how the relationship between consumers and asset managers must change.

News & Views

Attorneys general issue ‘anti-ESG’ demands to big six US banks

The banks have been ordered to disclose UN climate initiative membership details amid growing Republican attacks on ESG investing.

News & Views

New Zealand’s farming emissions levy can bring a ‘win-win’ to economy and environment

Investors are already baking in the upcoming emissions pricing policy into acquisition deals.

News & Views

Renewable energy revenue cap fails to win over industry or investors

UK government proposal has left energy providers ‘deeply worried’ and investors looking to Europe.

News & Views

Climate progress undermined by lack of action plans, warns CA100+

The investor engagement initiative said companies are lacking credible strategies to achieve net-zero goals.

News & Views

Norway’s $1.19trn fund issues three-year climate action plan

Sovereign pension fund executives say they need to see tangible evidence at company level of action being taken.

News & Views

Carney: carbon-intensive sectors at risk of searching ‘the shadows’ for capital

The UN special envoy said the move from voluntary to mandatory reporting was well underway.

News & Views

COP27: A chance to overcome the shortcomings of Glasgow?

Environmental and investor attention turns to Egypt, but the failures of last year’s COP26 still linger.

News & Views

Princeton endowment to divest from fossil fuel companies

The university’s $37.7bn endowment fund seeks to reduce the impact of fossil fuels on its investment strategy.

News & Views

Deforestation and its role in net zero

As the business risks of deforestation become more apparent, policymakers are tightening demands on both companies and investors.

News & Views

California signs sweeping climate policy package

Governor Gavin Newsom’s measures include a target to achieve carbon neutrality as a state by 2045.

News & Views

Gas infrastructure spending in Asia risks net zero and investors alike

Markets in Asia are maintaining spending on gas infrastructure, cementing the fossil fuel’s place in domestic power grids for decades to come.

News & Views

US oil states face trillion-dollar bill over ARO delay

‘Very few’ oil and gas companies are doing enough to meet fossil fuel asset retirement obligations.

News & Views

The net-zero approach to steel making

Going green is essential for the steel industry’s decarbonisation efforts.

News & Views

Is water a risk for net-zero investors?

With water-related catastrophes grabbing global headlines, the role investors can play in water infrastructure products is rising in prominence.

News & Views

Profile: In conversation with Federated Hermes’ head of infrastructure

Perry Noble, lawyer turned infrastructure investor, says the drive towards net zero is as much about transitioning behaviours and conversations as it is about finding the latest investment opportunity.

News & Views

Could Asia become the CCS capital of the world?

Carbon capture and storage is a key tool in helping countries meet their net-zero commitments, and the range of opportunities in Asia could draw interest from institutional investors.