• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

Emerging Markets

News & Views

IEA calls for rapid development of carbon storage

Capturing carbon is a job half-done – it’s deploying safe and cost-effective storage solutions that is the real challenge.

News & Views

COP27: MDBs welcome call to scale up climate funding

Multilateral Development Banks react to the final COP27 text, which called on them to scale up climate financing and reform their “practices and priorities”.

News & Views

State-owned enterprises and climate-conscious investing

There is no net zero without net-zero SOEs, so what approach should investors take when engaging with these often mega businesses?

News & Views

GFANZ: ‘urgent action’ needed to increase clean energy investment in emerging markets

Investment flow is less than 10% of what is needed – a situation that must be addressed rapidly, warns global coalition of financial institutions.

News & Views

AIIB: a ‘moonshot’ mission to net zero

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank’s chief economist and lead economist reflect on a once-in-a-generation opportunity for emerging economies to achieve a smooth and fair transition.

News & Views

Ninety One: ‘only 16% of asset owners invest in emerging market transition finance’

Planetary Pulse report suggests there is insufficient cross-border public and private finance to fill the shortfall.


Net Zero Investor Podcast: All things green, climate and sustainability-linked bonds

A discussion of the the bond market with Krista Tukiainen from the Climate Bonds Initiative and Ulf Erlandsson from the Anthropocene Fixed Income Institute