• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Risk Management

News & Views

BNP Paribas ceases underwriting of coal and gas bonds

French lender BNP Paribas has effectively ceased to participate in the issuance of bonds by the oil and gas sector, the bank confirmed at its AGM this week, in one of the most drastic pushbacks to fossil fuel lending so far

News & Views

Trustees must take an ‘always on’ approach to TCFD reporting

With the UK pensions regulator reviewing climate risk disclosures, Lara Rutty, director at Cardano examines how trustees gain a better understanding of climate risks in their portfolios

Briefs
News & Views

Why investors should think more seriously about oil prices

Oil companies and their investors are betting big on a delayed transition yet their misalignment with net-zero is a recipe for financial disaster, NGOs and thinktank sources claim

News & Views

Climate risks ‘financially material’ to fiduciary duty Law Committee tells trustees

Climate change is a financially material factor which trustees should consider as part of their fiduciary duty, a UK committee advising investors on financial law has argued

News & Views

Changing of the guard: investment implications of elections in India and Indonesia

Two of the world’s largest coal producers are headed for elections- the future of their climate policy is on the line

icon roundtable

Biodiversity credit markets: what are next the next steps?

Environment Bank’s Emma Toovey talks about how voluntary markets can avoid the mistakes of the carbon market and why asset owners would buy credits

Streaming
Podcast

Net Zero with Nawar - data driven investing

Monica Woodley and Nawar Alsaadi take stock of the deluge of climate data - what are the pieces of information that are financially material?

News & Views

Investors worth $25trn push back on ‘laggard’ mining companies

A coalition of investors are set to engage with 100+ mining companies to adopt global tailings standards.

News & Views

Wiltshire’s Jennifer Devine: Why we will divest from fossil fuels

Jennifer Devine, head of the Wiltshire Pension Fund, a £3bn UK local authority pension fund explains why her team made the decision to sell all oil and gas firms by 2030

News & Views

Setting a nature price: how does this work in practice?

If the targets set out in the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework are to be realised, investors could soon face some far reaching policy changes

News & Views

Dirty debt: rising yields put spotlight on carbon footprint of bond portfolios

Rising interest rates have led to increased institutional allocations in fixed income assets but this also raises concerns about decarbonisation strategies for bond portfolios

News & Views

Howden CEO: address investors’ concerns to make vulnerable countries insurable

At COP28 in Dubai, David Howden, founder and CEO of global insurer Howden, sat down with NZI to discuss the role of the Loss and Damages Fund in addressing climate risk and insurance challenges for the Global South

News & Views

COP28: could investors be hit by a sudden phaseout of fossil fuel subsidies?

Ahead of COP28, Net Zero Investor takes a closer look at the distribution of subsidies across the globe. To reach global climate change targets a scale back of subsidies is essential. But could this impact the investment case for these assets?

Briefs