• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Biodiversity

News & Views
Briefs
icon roundtable

Biodiversity credit markets: what are next the next steps?

Environment Bank’s Emma Toovey talks about how voluntary markets can avoid the mistakes of the carbon market and why asset owners would buy credits

News & Views

Smart Pension’s Fiona Smith: “We’re looking to make a positive biodiversity impact”

Pension funds don’t need to sacrifice returns to achieve a positive impact argues Smart Pension's Fiona Smith

Briefs
News & Views

Setting a nature price: how does this work in practice?

If the targets set out in the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework are to be realised, investors could soon face some far reaching policy changes

News & Views

How to navigate the changing landscape of biodiversity investing

Investor interest in biodiversity is gaining traction, what are the main strategies to gain exposure to this rapidly evolving asset class?

News & Views

EU doubles down on circular economy

Meeting biodiversity and climate goals “won’t be possible” without a transition to a circular economy, the European Commission said, but the bloc still has some way to make investment accessible

News & Views

How to scale up nature-based solutions

Institutional interest in natural capital is growing but it still accounts for only a fraction of funds committed to restoring nature. How can funding be scaled up?

News & Views

COP 28: Overcoming risk is key to unlocking climate-nature investment

Transforming the way risk is both perceived and managed will boost institutional capital flows into nature positive projects, investors say

Briefs
News & Views

Anna-Stina Wiklund: ‘How we integrate biodiversity criteria across asset classes’

Anna-Stina Wiklund, head of responsible investing at Finland’s €1.8bn Church Pension Fund outlines how the fund applies biodiversity criteria across all asset classes to support its net zero by 2035 target

News & Views

How to manage deforestation risk

Deforestation is not only terrible for climate and biodiversity, but also poses financial risk to investors

News & Views

Investors and biodiversity: Young love, new challenges

Investors continue to struggle with integrating biodiversity in their decision-making process

News & Views

Timberland is increasingly on the radar of natural capital investors

Forestry is currently dominating the natural capital conversation for institutional investors looking at this emerging asset class