• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

Fixed Income

News & Views

Investors eye carbon capture as part of transition finance

Institutional investors see green bonds as the safest investment route into this early stage technology

News & Views

How are investors tracking climate risks in fixed income?

Bonds could play a key role in the transition to net zero, but fixed income investors are facing new challenges

News & Views

AP7’s Johan Floren: Placing biodiversity in the ‘active consciousness’ of investors

AP7’s ESG chief spoke to Net Zero Investor on sustainable finance waking up to biodiversity and its role in the climate transition

News & Views

IIGCC Guidance on Bond Stewardship: Fighting for progress in fixed income

With the IIGCC publishing an updated guidance on bond stewardship Net Zero Investor shines a spotlight on the latest trends for bond stewardship.

News & Views

Net zero panel: Destruction of nature ‘greatest ever market failure’

Bold statements were made at Net Zero Investor’s first-ever Natural Capital Forum, which took place in London yesterday

News & Views

Boost for green bonds space as CBI lifts certification scheme to company level

Green bonds are increasingly gaining momentum with the CBI becoming the latest key player to confirm their value within the finance space

News & Views

Green gilts: Is a British sustainability-linked bond still a long way off?

Green finance experts discussed in London the current state of the green, social and sustainability bonds space


Nuveen makes impact push by signing up for new Barbados blue bond

Nuveen makes impact push by signing up for new Barbados blue bond


Latin America expected to issue $40bn of green bonds in 2023

GSSSB market issuance will reach up to $40bn across Latin America in 2023, a revival from last year's drop-off.


Hong Kong experimenting with digital green bonds

The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) is experimenting with a tokenised green bond offering, it has emerged