• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Legal

News & Views

SEC no action requests: ordinary business or business as usual?

How has corporate reasoning to avoid climate resolutions at US AGM's evolved?

News & Views

Investors split over ‘necessity’ of FMLC paper on fiduciary duty and climate risk

At the UKSIF’s Ownership Day in London, investors debated over whether the FMLC’s recent paper on fiduciary duty and climate risks is ‘beating the right players over the head’.

News & Views

How ‘ordinary’ is the business of climate change?

For climate-related shareholder resolutions to work, they must first pass the ordinary business test

icon roundtable

Biodiversity credit markets: what are next the next steps?

Environment Bank’s Emma Toovey talks about how voluntary markets can avoid the mistakes of the carbon market and why asset owners would buy credits

News & Views

Should climate investors worry about the European elections?

A rightward drift in the upcoming European elections is unlikely to have a major impact on EU climate policy

News & Views

Setting a nature price: how does this work in practice?

If the targets set out in the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework are to be realised, investors could soon face some far reaching policy changes

News & Views

Why we urgently need to reform investor compensation rules to ‘transition away’ from fossil fuels

Anatole Boute, professor at the Chinese University Hong Kong specialising in Energy Law argues that current investor compensation rules do not yet accurately value the cost of the energy transition

Briefs
News & Views

Most institutional investors still lack deforestation policy

The amount of capital flowing into deforestation dwarves positive investments, despite the key role forests play in tackling climate change

News & Views

California’s new climate bill sets precedent for US carbon reporting

The Californian State Legislature has pushed ahead of the Securities and Exchange Commission by passing a bill that forces big companies to disclose their Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions

Briefs
News & Views

Feeling the legal heat: climate litigation doubles in five years

More and more investors and their investee companies face climate-related lawsuits, with American entities leading the pack. What is going on?

Briefs
News & Views

Why climate litigation increasingly poses a risk to a company’s value

Climate litigation is rapidly taking root in Europe and elsewhere, with many of these cases no longer just brought against governments but more and more against corporates and their shareholders

News & Views

Merciless exodus: what do NZIA’s departures mean for decarbonising insurance liabilities?

Insurers have been leaving the Net Zero Asset Owners Alliance (NZIA) in droves. This raises concerns over the carbon footprint of their liabilities