• Atmospheric CO2 /Parts per Million /Annual Averages /Data Source: noaa.gov

  • 1980338.91ppm

  • 1981340.11ppm

  • 1982340.86ppm

  • 1983342.53ppm

  • 1984344.07ppm

  • 1985345.54ppm

  • 1986346.97ppm

  • 1987348.68ppm

  • 1988351.16ppm

  • 1989352.78ppm

  • 1990354.05ppm

  • 1991355.39ppm

  • 1992356.1ppm

  • 1993356.83ppm

  • 1994358.33ppm

  • 1995360.18ppm

  • 1996361.93ppm

  • 1997363.04ppm

  • 1998365.7ppm

  • 1999367.8ppm

  • 2000368.97ppm

  • 2001370.57ppm

  • 2002372.59ppm

  • 2003375.14ppm

  • 2004376.96ppm

  • 2005378.97ppm

  • 2006381.13ppm

  • 2007382.9ppm

  • 2008385.01ppm

  • 2009386.5ppm

  • 2010388.76ppm

  • 2011390.63ppm

  • 2012392.65ppm

  • 2013395.39ppm

  • 2014397.34ppm

  • 2015399.65ppm

  • 2016403.09ppm

  • 2017405.22ppm

  • 2018407.62ppm

  • 2019410.07ppm

  • 2020412.44ppm

  • 2021414.72ppm

  • 2022418.56ppm

  • 2023421.08ppm

Paris Alignment

News & Views

Investors continue to back fossil fuels with $4.3trn still invested

New research by environmental organisation Urgewald reveals that investors are still pumping $4trn of assets into companies that are developing new fossil fuel assets

News & Views

Proxy season 2024 stock take: what shareholder votes tell us about stewardship

What do the results of CA100+ flagged votes for the 2024 proxy season tell us about progress on the road to decarbonisation?


NZI with Nawar - Successful decarbonisation

NZI head of research Atharva Deshmukh and Kanata Advisors CEO Nawar Alsaadi talk about the main focus points for investors engaging on cooperate decarbonisation strategies

News & Views

NZIF 2.0: new asset classes, focus on real world impact

Net Zero Investment Framework (NZIF) has been overhauled, including a greater emphasis on financing reduced emissions and widening the asset classes in the scope of the framework

News & Views

Toyota AGM: shareholders reject climate lobbying resolution

Investors remain concerned about the company’s political footprint.

News & Views

Blueprints with fine prints: 2030 targets and renewables deployment

Many countries have adopted bold interim targets for the next decade. But do investment outcomes align with political ambition?

News & Views

Bonn: five potential COP29 agenda items for investors to watch

The German city of Bonn hosts SB60, the 60th meeting of UN subsidiary bodies, which will set the agenda for the 2024 COP29 summit this week. Here are five key topics for investors to watch

News & Views

Money talks: investors turn their focus to fossil fuel funders

With the AGM season drawing to a close, Net Zero Investor assesses how investors have switched their engagement focus from oil firms to banks

News & Views

BNP Paribas ceases underwriting of coal and gas bonds

French lender BNP Paribas has effectively ceased to participate in the issuance of bonds by the oil and gas sector, the bank confirmed at its AGM this week, in one of the most drastic pushbacks to fossil fuel lending so far

News & Views

Climate lobbying: an emerging proxy battleground

Corporate lobbying against climate policies has become a key agenda item this AGM season, with nearly half of all PACCAR investors demanding more transparency

News & Views

Does Norway’s sovereign wealth fund have a coal secret?

New research from the Nordic Center for Sustainable Finance says the fund has $18 bn invested in coal

News & Views

Asset owners call out Shell’s LNG expansion plans

Oil giant Shell is putting Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) at the heart of its expansion plans but ahead of its AGM, asset owners warn it is failing to meet Paris targets